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|Title:||IRONY AND THE IRONIC IN SELECTED YORUBA TRAGIC PLAYS|
|Other Titles:||A THESIS IN THE DEPARTMENT OF LINGUISTICS AND AFRICAN LANGUAGES SUBMITTED TO THE FACULTY OF ARTS IN PARTIAL FUFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF IBADAN|
|Authors:||FAKEYE, F. M.|
Yoruba Tragic plays
|Abstract:||Irony and the ironic, which are prominent features of Yoruba tragic plays, are stylo-situational elements used to draw attention to the gap between the speaking position, the posited truth and actions. Previous studies on the use of stylistic devices in Yoruba literature have examined simile, metaphor, repetition and euphemism, but have not given adequate attention to ironic elements in Yoruba tragic plays. This study, therefore, examined the types of irony and the ironic, and their contexts of usage. The aim is to establish their stylistic significance and their communicative functions in the plays. The study adopted Roland Barthes' Semiological theory. Four Yoruba written plays were purposively selected because they have a high concentration of ironic elements that depict tragic situations. They were Lawuyi Ogunniran's Aare Ago (Ariku ye ri), Akinwumi Isola's Efunsetan Aniwura, Adebayo Faleti's Idaamu Paadi (Minkailu),and Oladejo Okediji's Rere Run. The data were subjected to semantic and semiotic analyses. Five types of irony are found in the texts, namely, verbal irony, dramatic/tragic irony, irony of fate, irony of character and comic irony. The ironic covers situations (dilemma, bareness, extremism, frustration, deception and death) and actions (wrestling, wickedness, vengeance, greediness, treachery, hypocrisy, bribery, conspiracy, malady and role change) that lead to tragedy. Verbal irony, dramatic/tragic irony, irony of fate and the ironic are identified in all the texts. Irony of character is found only in Aare-Ago, Idaamu Paadi and Rere Run while comic irony is found only in Aare-Ago and Idaamu Paadi. Four types of contexts are identified: political (achieved with dramatic irony showing vengeance, escapism, malady and death; verbal irony showing conspiracy and deception; Irony of character showing treachery, bribery, extremism and escapism),historical (achieved with irony of character showing conspiracy and escapism ;irony of fate showing frustration, dilemma and death), philosophical (achieved with irony of fate showing dilemma, bareness, malady and death; irony of character showing frustration and vengeance)and cultural (achieved with verbal irony showing pretence; comic irony showing wrestling and role change). All the four occur in three texts (Aare-Ago, Idaamu Paadi and Efunsetan Aniwura) while only three (political, philosophical and cultural) occur in Rere Run. These ironic elements achieve four stylistic functions: defencemechanism, pre-destination cues, counter dogmatism and protest mechanism. At varying degrees is Aare-Ago and Idaamu Paadi , comical effects with ironic twists climaxing at the point of incongruity occur in the political, cultural and historical contexts; only ironic effects with satirical cues are found in Efunsetan Aniwura. The irony and the ironic elements are connected with three broad tragic themes, namely, death (all the texts), escapism (Aare-Ago) and malady (Rere Run) which contribute to their stylistic function in the plays. Irony and the ironic elements, with differing manifestations, occur in historical, philosophical, political and cultural contexts, and perform theme and effect-based stylistic functions in Yoruba tragic plays. These elements, thus, enhance the readers' understanding of the Yoruba concept of tragedy as evident in the plays.|
|Appears in Collections:||Academic Publications in Linguistics and African Languages|
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