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|Title:||Progress in dracunculiasis eradication: Ogun State, South-west Nigeria as case study|
|Authors:||Morenikeji, O. A.|
Guinea worm prevalence
|Abstract:||Studies on dracunculiasis at the threshhold of its eradication was carried out in 8 infected and at-risk non-infected villages in Obafemi Owode Local Govermnent Area (LGA) of Ogun State between January and December 2005. Current prevalence status of the villages were determined, pretested and standardised questionnairres were administered to head of households (HOHs) to assess Knowledge, Atitude and Practice (KAP) in the management of guinea worm and water samples were collected for cyclops identification. 158 people were examined in 3 infected villages, cyclopoid copepods were recovered from all ponds in the study villages and 76 HOHs were interviwed. The overall-prevalence of infection was 5.07%. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of infection between sexes, 5.04% and 4.76% in the females and males respectively (i' =0.03,P>0.05).The period of infection coincided with the dry season. Uninfected Halicyclops and Thermocyclops species of cyclops were recovered. Majority (74.1%) of HOHs in infected and 38.8% HOHs in at-risk villages had been infected before. Most (68.4%) HOHs believe the infection is from drinking water. Filtering of water was mostly practised. Studies show that with persistent eradication efforts the 2009 daedline for eradication of the guinea worm disease from the country will be met.|
|Appears in Collections:||Academic Publications in Zoology|
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