Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.library.ui.edu.ng:8080/jspui/handle/123456789/1336
Title: EFFECTIVENESS OF COUNTER ATTITUDINAL ADVOCACY AND AVERSIVE CONDITIONING STRATEGIES ON MALE ADOLESCENTS’ HIV/AIDS RISK TAKING BEHAVIOUR IN LAGOS STATE, NIGERIA
Authors: Nwagu, Ada Chinwe
Keywords: Counter- attitudinal advocacy, aversive conditioning, adolescents, HIV/ADIS risk-taking behaviour.
Issue Date: Aug-2009
Abstract: In developing countries like Nigeria, male adolescents have limited access to information on sex and sexuality. As a result, Nigerian adolescent boys sought answers to sex-related questions through questionable sources. Previous studies focused on identifying HIV/AIDS risk-taking behaviour in adolescents. However, few studies have considered designing psychological intervention strategies for minimizing the HIV/AIDS risk-taking behaviour specifically in male adolescents. Therefore, this study, investigated the effectiveness of Counter-Attitudinal Advocacy (CAA) and Aversive Conditioning (AC) Strategies in changing male adolescents’ HIV/AIDS risk-taking behaviour. It also examined the interaction effect of age and parental attachment on male adolescents’ HIV/AIDS risk-taking behaviour. The study adopted a pre-test, post-test, control group, true experimental design with 3x2x2 factorial matrix. The HIV/AIDS Risk Taking Behavioural Scale (r = 0.85) and the Retrospective Specific Attachments (r = 0.91) were the instruments used for data collection. The study covered three schools from three Local Education Districts. Given the focus of the study, the three schools selected were purposively boy’s schools. In all, 120 male adolescents in SS II were drawn from the three schools. The participants were randomly assigned into two experimental groups (CAA and AC) and control group. Eight hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level significance. Data were analysed using the Analysis of covariance and t-test statistics. Treatment revealed that there was a significant difference in the HIV/AIDS risk taking behaviour of experimental participants and those in the control group (F(2,114) = 43.50; P < 0.05). The findings further revealed that there was a significant difference in the HIV/AIDS risk taking behaviour of the participants treated with AC and those in the control group not exposed to treatment (F (1,76) = 156.50; P < 0.05). The experimental participants (X = 34.18; X= 40.89) performed better than the control ( = 51.86) on the HIV/AIDS risk taking behaviour reduction. Similarly, HIV/AIDS risk taking behaviour declined among participants treated with CAA ( X= 34.18) than those treated with AC ( X= 40.89). On moderating influence of age, late adolescents in the two experimental groups (CAA: = 32.16; AC: = 38.50) improved significantly in HIV/AIDS risk taking behaviour than their early adolescent counterparts (CAA: = 34.52; AC: = 41.08). Moreover, significant difference was found between participants with insecure parental attachment in the experimental groups as compared to those in the control group t = 19.73; N = 120; df = 118; P < 0.05. Counter-attitudinal advocacy and AC strategies were effective in the reduction of HIV/AIDS risk taking behaviour among male adolescents but Counter-attitudinal advocacy is more effective than Aversive Conditioning. Counselling and clinical psychologists in practice will arguably benefit from employing the two strategies in handling HIV/AIDS related risk-taking behaviours among male adolescents.
URI: http://ir.library.ui.edu.ng:8080/jspui/handle/123456789/1336
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NWAGWU ADA Ph.D THESIS FULL WORK.pdfA THESIS IN THE DEPARTMENT OF GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING SUBMITTED TO THE FACULTY OF EDUCATION IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF IBADAN.2.51 MBAdobe PDFView/Open


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