Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.library.ui.edu.ng:8080/jspui/handle/123456789/1338
Title: Effects Of Civic Skills And Value Clarification Training On Moral Reasoning Among Secondary School Students In Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria
Authors: Omolade, Olubunmi O.
Keywords: Secondary School Students, Risky sexual behaviour, Substance use and abuse
Issue Date: Jun-2016
Abstract: Adolescents engage in health risk-taking behaviours, specifically risky sexual behaviour (RSB) and substance use and abuse (SUAA). This could have dire consequences on their health and psychological wellbeing. Previous studies focused on their environmental factors and health risk-taking behaviours with little attention on dispositional factors. This study, therefore, investigated dispositional (self-esteem and personality type) and environmental factors (peer, print and electronic media influences, socio-economic status, family type and physical location) as predictors of secondary school students’ health risk-taking behaviours in Southwestern Nigeria. Bronfenbrenner’s Bio-ecological systems theory provided the framework. Descriptive survey design was adopted. Proportionate sampling technique was employed to select 2,456 respondents from Ekiti (400), Lagos (537), Ogun (405), Ondo (409), Osun (309) and Oyo states (396). Random sampling technique was used to select a Local Government Area (LGA) from each of the senatorial districts in each state. Three schools and Senior Secondary School II students were also selected from each of the LGAs based on urban (1032), semi-urban (982) and rural (442) locations using stratified random sampling technique. Adolescent Sexual Behaviour (r=0.65); Drug Habit (r=0.75); NEO – Five Factor (r=0.61); Peer Pressure (r=0.79) inventories; Self-Esteem (r=0.72); Adolescents’ Involvement with Media (r=0.84) and Parents’ Socio-Economic Status (r=0.59) scales were used for data collection. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, Pearson product moment correlation and Multiple regression at 0.05 level of significance. Respondents’ mean age was 16.25 ± 1.35 years, with 1,057 females. The rates of secondary school students’ health risk-taking behaviours in the states are as follows: Ekiti (55.0%), Ondo (50.0%), Ogun (45.0%), Lagos (40.0%), Osun (35.0%) and Oyo (33.5%). The mean scores of variables based on students’ health risk-taking behaviours are as follows: high self-esteem (x ̅=22.5); low self-esteem (x ̅=33.1); Big Five factors-neuroticism (x ̅=23.0); extraversion (x ̅=52.3); openness to experience (x ̅=81.0); agreeableness (x ̅=42.3); conscientiousness (x ̅=25.4); family type–intact (x ̅ =48.9); non-intact (x ̅=49.2) and physical location–urban (x ̅=54.1); semi-urban (x ̅=.45.0); rural (x ̅=44.1). The predictor variables had significant relationships with RSB (R=0.52) and SUAA (R=0.53). The seven predictor variables accounted for 27.8% of the variance in secondary school students’ RSB and 27.6% of the variance in secondary school students’ SUAA. The independent variables had significant joint prediction on RSB (F(7,2448)=135.71) and SUAA (F(7,2448)=134.98) respectively. The relative contributions of each of the predictor variables to RSB were: physical location (B=2.043, t=20.136), family type (B=1.590, t=16.493), print and electronic media influence (B=0.083, t=2.301), and self-esteem (B=0.066, t=2.745). The relative contributions of each of the independent variables to SUAA were: personality type (B=0.606, t=19.081), physical location (B=-0.429, t=-3.078), and print and electronic media influence (B=0.192, t=3.890). Low self-esteem, openness to experience personality type, non-intact family type, negative print and electronic media influence and urban physical location predicted risky sexual behaviour and substance use and abuse among secondary school students. Counselling psychologists should take cognisance of these factors when counselling secondary school students with respect to health risk-taking behaviours.
URI: http://ir.library.ui.edu.ng:8080/jspui/handle/123456789/1338
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OMOLADE 2ND CORRECTION. FINAL. 2.pdfA THESIS IN THE DEPARTMENT OF Department of Counselling and Human Development studies, SUBMITTED TO THE FACULTY OF EDUCATION IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF IBADAN.2.61 MBAdobe PDFView/Open


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