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Title: Artificial neural network predictive modeling of uncoated carbide tool wear when turning NST 37.2 steel
Authors: Asafa, T. B.
Fadare, D. A.
Issue Date: Apr-2012
Publisher: Asian Research Publishing Network
Abstract: We report the development of a predictive model based on Artificial Neural Network (ANN) for the estimation of flank and nose wear of uncoated carbide inserts during orthogonal turning of NST (Nigerian steel) 37.2. Turning experiments were conducted at different cutting conditions on a M300 Harrison lathe using Sandvic Coromant uncoated carbide inserts with ISO designations SNMA 120406 using full factorial design. Cutting speed (v), feed rate (f), depth of cut (d), spindle power (W), and length of cut (l) were the input parameters to both the machining experiments as well as the ANN prediction model while the flank wear (VB) and nose wear (NC) were the output variables. Nine different structures of multi-layer perceptron neural networks with feed-forward and back-propagation learning algorithms were designed using the MATLAB Neural Network Toolbox. An optimal ANN architecture of 5-12-4-2 with the Levenberg-Marquardt training algorithm and a learning rate of 0.1 was obtained using Taguchi method of experimental design. The results of ANN prediction show that the model generalized well with root mean square errors (RMSE) of 3.6% and 4.7% for flank and nose wear, respectively. With the optimized ANN architecture, parametric study was conducted to relate the effect of each turning parameters on the tool wear. The ANN predictive model captures the dynamic behaviour of the tool wear and can be deployed effectively for online monitoring process.
ISSN: 1819-6608
Appears in Collections:scholarly works

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