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Title: Demographic and laboratory evidence of non sexual transmission of HIV in Nigeria
Authors: Odaibo, G. N.
Bamgbose, G.
Jegede, A. S.
Sankale, J. L.
Omotade, O. O.
Olaleye, D. O.
Kanki, P.
Issue Date: 2004
Publisher: MEDIMOND
Abstract: Apart from heterosexual transmission, not much is known about the contribution of the other modes of spread of HIV in Africa. To evaluate the importance of non-sexual/non-vertical transmission in adults and children in Nigeria, data from mother-child pairs (community and hospital) and a community HIV surveillance among adult populations in two communities of Oyo State in SW Nigeria were analysed. In the community-based mother-child pair HIV testing, 18 of 476 (3.8%) under 5 years children were positive for HIV antibodies with only one positive mother-child pair. In the hospital surveillance (1996-1997) 10(7.0%) children of 132 mother-child pairs were positive while three (30%) of the 10 mothers were HIV negative. Similarly, 5(10%) of the mothers of 10 H1V positive children (2004) were HIV negative. In another community study, 5(13.2%) of the 38 adults from Ibadan and 12(4.8%) of 251 from Saki who claimed they never had sexual experience were HIV positive. Use of contaminated instruments and blood transfusion remain important routes of transmission of HIV in Nigeria.
Description: inproceeding
ISBN: 0-674-01868-0
Appears in Collections:scholarly works

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