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Title: Pterygium treatment using 5-FU as adjuvant treatment compared to conjunctiva autograft
Authors: Bekibele, C. O.
Baiyeroju A.M.|| Olusanya, B. A.
Ashaye, A.O.
Oluleye, T. S.
Keywords: fleshy pterygium;
pterygium recurrence;
conjunctival autograft
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Abstract: Background: The use of conjunctiva autograft, adjunct antimetabolite therapy has been shown to be effective in preventing pterygium recurrence. Objective: To compare 5 fluorouracil (5-FU) to conjunctival autograft in the treatment of large, fleshy pterygium. Methods: A randomised controlled prospective study of outcome of pterygium treatment using 5-FU as adjuvant treatment compared to conjunctiva autograft. Thirty-five eyes with large pterygium treated with bare sclera conjunctival excision plus 5-FU were compared with 33 eyes treated with excision and conjunctival autograft alone. Results: Post-operative pterygium recurrence was observed in four (11.4%) eyes treated with 5-FU and 4 (12.1%) eyes treated with conjunctiva autograft (P>0.05). The post-operative complications included, granuloma formation 11.4% for 5-FU and 3.0% for autograft and conjunctival discharge 5.7% for 5-FU group only. Conclusion: 5-FU is marginally superior to conjunctival autograft in the prevention of pterygium recurrence but neither gives a more desirable single digit recurrence rate. Randomised studies combining both conjunctival autograft and 5-FU in pterygium treatment is advocated to further explore their effect.
ISSN: 0905-222X
Appears in Collections:scholarly works

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