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Title: Imaging of congenital diaphragmatic hernias
Authors: Taylor, G. A
Issue Date: 2009
Abstract: Congenital diapharagmatic hernias are complex and life-threatening lesions that are not just anatomic defect of the diaphragm, but represent a complex set of physiologic derangement of lung, the pulmonary vasculature, and related structures. Imaging plays an increasingly important role in the care of these infants. Prenatal sonograpyh and MRI have allowed early and accurate identification of the defect and associated anomalies. These tools have also been the key to defining the degree of pulmonary hypoplasia and to predicting neonatal survival and need for aggressive respiratory resue strategies. In the postnatal period, conventional radiography supplemented by cross-sectional imaging in selected cases can be very useful in sorting out the diffential diagnosis of intrathoracic masses, in the detection of associated anomalies, and in the management of complications. Understanding the pathogenesis of diaphragmatic defects, the underlying physiologic disturbances, and the strengths and limitations of current imaging protocols is essential to the effective and accurate management of thses complex patients
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