Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.library.ui.edu.ng:8080/jspui/handle/123456789/927
Title: Estimation of the risk of cancer associated with pediatric cranial computed tomography
Authors: Atalabi, O. M.
Akinlade, B. I.
Adekanmi, A. J.
Keywords: Pediatric imaging
Computed tomography dose index
Dose length product
Effective dose
Risk of cancer induction
Cranial CT
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: ScienceDomain International
Abstract: Background: The role of Computed Tomography (CT) in the medical diagnosis of diseases has greatly expanded, desipte the potential risk of cancer following exposures to ionising radiation (X-Ray) from this modality. This risk is particularly of great concern in children, who are more radiosensitive and have many years to manifest radiation effect than adults. Aims: To estimate risk of cancer induction from Pediatric cranial CT. Materials and Methods: A total of 203 patients, who were referred from various pediatric clinics and wards for cranial CT in a teaching hospital in the South Western Nigeria between the year 2011 and 2013 were considered. All patients were grouped into four age (year) groups: less than 1, 1-5, 5-10 and 10-15. A mathematical method was used to estimate the risk of cancer from the effective dose (ED) calculated from volume computed tomography dose index (CTDlvol), dose length product (DLP) and statndard conversion factor. Results: The range of CTDlvol (mGy) received by all patients was 10-250 mGy while majority of the patients recieved 50-100. The range of DLP (mGy.cm) received by all patients and majority of the patients was 500-5000 and 2001-2500 respectively. The range of ED (mSv) received by all patients and majority of the patients was 1-25 and 5-10 respectively. The risk estimated with respect to patients' age showed that patient was 1-25 and 5-10 respectively. The risk estimated with respect to patients' age showed that patient in the age group 1-5 years have the highest risk of cancer induction while risk based on gender showed on significant difference. Conclusion: Over 60% of pediatric patients received more than the recommended values of CTDlvol, DLP and ED from cranial CT. Urgent steps must be taken to ensure compliant with international recommended precautions for dose reduction in pediatric medical imaging.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/927
ISSN: 2231-0614
Appears in Collections:Academic Publications in Clinical Sciences

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