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Title: Effects of Social Capital and Microcredit on Profitability of Grain Traders in Southwestern Nigeria
Authors: Durojaiye, A. M.
Keywords: Social capital
Microcredit access
Grain traders
Grain business expansion
Credit sources
Issue Date: 2014
Abstract: Grain marketing requires considerable investment of fund but traders are often plagued with inadequate capital to run their enterprises. The inadequacy of fund prevents traders from expanding their businesses resulting in low profit margin. However, social capital is increasingly recognised as a bridge for the gap in credit availability which can help in business expansion and profitability. There is little empirical evidence on the extent of the effectiveness of social capital and microcredit delivery in profitability of traders. The study was designed to investigate the effects of social capital and microcredit on profitability of grain traders in southwestern Nigeria. Multistage sampling procedure was employed for the study with random selection of Oyo and Ogun states from the six states in southwestern Nigeria. Two Local Government Areas (LGAs) were then randomly selected from the states. Eleven rural and twelve urban markets were randomly chosen in each of the LGAs based on Probability Proportionate to Size (PPS). Finally, 500 grain traders were sampled using PPS, with 492 traders having detailed information used for the analysis. Data were collected on grain traders’ socio-economic characteristics, membership density, Meeting Attendance (MA), heterogeneity, Decision Making (DM), Cash Contribution (CC), Labour Contribution (LC), trust, social cohesion, Time Lag (TL), Payback Period (PP), credit distance as well as costs and returns. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, multinomial logit, budgetary analysis, ordinary least square and two- stage least square regression models at α0.05. Age and household size were 43.3 ± 9.4 years and 6.0 ± 2.9 respectively. Density of membership in associations was 3.0 ± 0.1. Average MA by traders was four out of five. Membership of the association was diversified with heterogeneity index of 69.9%. Members participated in three out of five decisions made by the associations. The six microcredit sources identified were Traders’ Association (TA); community association; cooperative society; Rotating Savings and Credit Association (ROSCAS); Friends and Relatives (FR) and Microfinance Bank (MB). Total revenue was N496, 135.80 while net revenue was N12, 359.00. Average amount of credit granted from the six identified sources was N67, 480.13 ±6, 764.80 representing only 46.0% of the total credit needs of the traders. The TL for credit was 2.13 ± 2.00 weeks with a PP of 6.51 ±4.17 months. Payback period decreased the likelihood of access to credit in TA, ROSCAS, FR and MB ranging from 61.5% to 84.5%. Credit distance increased credit access in TA (2.81) and ROSCAS (1.93). Interest charged decreased credit access in TA (-2.40) and RF (-3.38). Trust and heterogeneity indices increased credit access in ROSCAS by 77.5% and 99.2% respectively. Increase in time lag reduced profitability of the grain traders (-0.0235) while social capital increased profitability by 12.1%. Social capital increased access to, and the amount of credit available, which improved profitability of grain traders. Therefore, social capital formation with its attendant implications for improved access to microcredit should be encouraged.
Description: A Thesis in the Department of Agricultural Economics, Submitted to the Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry In partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy of the University of Ibadan
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